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Traditional Taekwondo

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Form Moves Halves History
Chon-Ji 19   It literally means "Heaven and Earth". Interpreted as heaven and earth, which signifies the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. This pattern has two beginnings, one representing heaven, and the other the earth.
Dan-Gun 21 1-12
Is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.
Do-San 24 1-12
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 Movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement.
Won-Hyo 27 1-12
Won-Hyo Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
Yul-Gok 38 1-21
Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yil (1536-1584) nicknamed "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birth place on the 38th latitude and the diagram represents scholar
Joong-Gun 32 1-19
Is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
Toi-Gye 37 1-18
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwant (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movement of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents the scholar.
Choong-Moo 32 1-16
Was the name given to the admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to king.
Unapproachable Light 50 Junior Master Brad Butchka developed this form as part of his 5th Dan test under the proctorship of Shihan John Mayer r, President of PROMAA. It represents Mr. Butchka's faith in Jesus Christ as the pattern resembles a cross, his respect of tradition (ex. first 16 moves) while embracing other complimentary combat styles (ex. moves 27 - 42), and recognizing the rigor of training in order to complete this form accurately and still have enough endurance to continue on into other aspects of the test.
Kwang-Gae 39   History: Kwang-Gae is named for the famous Kwang-Gae Toh-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 AD, the year he came to the throne.
Po-Eun 36   History: Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.
Gae-Baek 44   History: Gae-Baek is named for Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.
Hwa-Rang 29   It is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group of the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 28th Infantry Division, where Taekwondo developed into maturity.
Choong-Jang 53   Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang  who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th Century. This pattern ends with a left-attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.
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